Redis is an open-source key value store that can operate as both an in-memory store and as cache. Redis is a data structure server that can be used as a database server on its own, or paired with a relational database like MySQL to speed things up.
The first time a WordPress page is loaded, a database query is performed on the server. Redis remembers, or caches, this query. So, when another user loads the WordPress page, the results are provided from Redis and from memory without needing to query the database.
In order to use Redis with WordPress, two packages need to be installed:
redis-server package provides Redis itself, while the
php-redis package provides a PHP extension for PHP applications like WordPress to communicate with Redis.
sudo apt install redis-server php-redis
Redis can operate both as a NoSQL database store as well as a cache. For this guide and use case, Redis will be configured as a cache. In order to do this, the following settings are required.
sudo nano /etc/redis/redis.conf
Add these lines at the end of the file:
maxmemory 256mb maxmemory-policy allkeys-lru
When changes are complete, save and close the file.
Redis Backend Script
This PHP script for WordPress was originally developed by Eric Mann. It is a Redis object cache backend for WordPress.
object-cache.php script. This download is from DigitalOcean’s asset server, but this is a third-party script. You should read the comments in the script to see how it works.
Move the file to the
/wp-content directory of your WordPress installation:
sudo mv object-cache.php /var/www/html/wp-content/
Depending on your WordPress installation, your location may be different.
Enable Cache Settings in wp-config.php
wp-config.php file to add a cache key salt with the name of your site (or any string you would like).
sudo nano /var/www/html/wp-config.php
Add this line at the end of the
* Authentication Unique Keys and Salts. section:
You can use your domain name or another string as the salt.
Also, add the following line after the
WP_CACHE_KEY_SALT line to create a persistent cache with the Redis object cache plugin:
All together, your file should look like this:
* Authentication Unique Keys and Salts. . . . define('NONCE_SALT', 'put your unique phrase here'); define('WP_CACHE_KEY_SALT', 'example.com'); define('WP_CACHE', true);
Save and close the file.
To monitor Redis, use the
redis-cli command like so:
sudo redis-cli monitor
When you run this command, you will see the real-time output of Redis serving cached queries. If you don’t see anything, visit your website and reload a page.